Carroll Shelby was an international motor sports champion as a driver, team manager, and designer/builder. He won 122 events in seven years (1954-1960) as a professional racer. He was also the first-place finisher in the U.S. and Europe 44 times in 1956 when he was named Driver of the Year by Sports Illustrated. In 1959, he won the 24 hours of Le Mans in an Aston Martin. Shelby was also the winner of the U.S. National Road Racing Championship in 1960 before he retired as driver. He designed and constructed the Cobra sports car which won five consecutive U.S. Road Racing titles beginning in 1963. In 1965 it won the world championship, making it the only American-made vehicle ever to win the manufacturers' title for Grand Touring cars. Shelby was inducted into the Texas Sports Hall of Fame in 1986.